Indicator Development In addition to the Indicator Framework, we are developing tools and supports that will help make rigorous evaluation more feasible and relevant for PLIs. Developing the initial indicators: We started from the Theory of Change and drew on existing research and evaluation on parent leadership. Additional Information We used the theory of change developed collaboratively with parent leaders in Phase I of this project as a starting point (Henderson & Gill Kressley, 2016). We then reviewed existing empirical and theoretical research on parent and family leadership initiatives to identify the indicators that were identified in those studies that aligned to the theory of change. We incorporated two existing indicator frameworks – one for evaluating leadership development (Reinelt, Foster, & Sullivan, 2006) and one for evaluating community organizing (Gold, Simon, & Peralta, 2013). Identifying measures and methods: Our goal is a flexible framework that provides starting points and tools but does not prescribe measures. It supports participatory approaches in which stakeholders collaborate to refine a theory of change and select appropriate methods and measures. Additional Information We searched for measures appropriate to the indicators. As we anticipated, the program and personal transformation aspects of parent leadership development have been much more extensively researched. We were able to identify a greater number of validated measures (especially quantitative measures) that align to those indicators than the indicators related to public officials, collective action and democracy. We identified traditional research methods – including observations, interviews, and document review – that could be used to gather data on many indicators. We also reviewed methods and approaches drawn from developmental evaluation, evaluations of community organizing and social movements, and participatory evaluations of community-based organizations and initiatives. In reviewing methods, we prioritized qualitative, narrative methods that would center parent leaders’ stories and reflect impacts at multiple levels. Gathering feedback and revising: We have revised the framework many times as parent leaders, PLI staff, funders, researchers, and evaluators have offered their ideas. Additional Information The indicator framework has undergone many cycles of revision, after receiving in depth feedback from our thought partners and advisory board, consisting of parent leaders, PLI staff, funders, evaluators and researchers. In Spring 2017, we conducted site visits to PLIs to gather feedback on the framework. These PLIs included A Resource in Serving Equality (ARISE) located in Alamo, Texas; Choice 4 All located in Roosevelt, Long Island and the Parent Leadership Initiative of Long Island; and the Head Start Policy Council at Moore Community House in Biloxi, Mississippi. During these visits, we gathered feedback from parent leaders, program staff, and community partners about the substance, language, and structure of the indicator framework. These initiatives are diverse in terms of their model, focus areas, population reached, and social and historical context. Their feedback has greatly informed our final round of edits. Online Survey Tools By spring 2018, we expect to have a suite of survey tools ready for PLIs to use with participants. These survey tools are aligned with the indicator framework. Our partner in this task is Algorhythm, an “impact science” company that enables non-profit agencies to collect rigorous evaluation data and to make meaning of it in real time. Non-profits can see the data they collect immediately, rather than having to wait until the data are no longer useful for making improvements. Algorhythm’s technical expertise and deep understanding of participatory evaluation will support our team to develop quantitative measures that are valid, reliable, and relevant to the lives of parent leaders. Once these tools have been finalized and piloted, all PLIs beyond those in the Network will be invited to use the Algorhythm platform (expected summer-fall 2018). Pilot Parent Leadership Evaluation Once we have finished the indicator framework, we want to ensure that PLIs have the capacity to use the framework to evaluate their work and the opportunity to share and seek ideas from other PLIs. Thus, we are forming our first (hopefully, of many!) cohort of a Parent Leadership Evaluation Network, which will consist of 5-7 PLIs. Network members will have access at no cost to training and technical assistance in evaluation led by Project Impact, an organization that helps non-profits to define and evaluate impact and improve programs and strategies based on evaluation data. This training will support PLIs to identify the outcomes they wish to measure and give them the tools they need in qualitative and quantitative evaluation. Our team will learn from the Network about how to build ongoing supports for additional PLIs that wish to evaluate their work.